Florida is home to many fast-growing trees that can provide shade and beauty to your property in a short amount of time. If you’re looking for a fast-growing tree for your Florida landscape, consider one of these options:
Live Oak (Quercus virginiana)
The live oak (Quercus virginiana) is a long-lived oak tree native to the southeastern United States. It is a member of the white oak group (Quercus section Quercus) and is thought to be closely related to the southern red oak (Q. shumardii). The live oak is a large evergreen tree, typically growing to 30-35 m (98-115 ft) tall with a trunk diameter of 1.5-2.5 m (5-8 ft). The leaves are simple, alternate, and obovate, with an entire margin and point at the apex. The upper surface is glossy dark green, while the lower surface is pale green with scattered tufts of yellowish-brown hair. The acorns are ovoid in shape and measure 2-3 cm (0.8-1.2 in) long by 1.5-2 cm (0.6-0.8 in) wide; they mature in 18 months and are collected from September to November. The live oak is a hardy tree that can tolerate poor soils, salt spray, and strong winds. It has been planted as an ornamental tree in many parts of the world, including Australia,
Cedar Elm (Ulmus crassifolia)
This deciduous tree is native to North America. Growing up to 65 feet tall, the cedar elm has a spreading crown and dark green leaves. The leaves are oblong and have a rough texture, with serrated margins. In the fall, the leaves turn yellow before they drop off. The cedar elm is also known for its small, brown fruits, which are beloved by birds. The bark of the cedar elm is dark gray and deeply furrowed. The cedar elm is a tough tree that can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. It is often used as a street tree or in landscaping because of its ability to withstand tough conditions. If you are looking for a tree that is tough and adaptable, the cedar elm is a great choice.
Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)
A large evergreen tree native to the southeastern United States. Growing up to 80 feet tall, it is one of the most commonly planted magnolias in the South. It has large, glossy green leaves and large white flowers that bloom from May to July. The tree has a long life span, and some specimens have been known to live for over 100 years. Southern Magnolia is also very tolerant of urban conditions and can prosper in a variety of soils. However, it does require full sun and well-drained soil to thrive. Overall, Southern Magnolia is an attractive and versatile tree that makes a great addition to any landscape.
Myrtle Oak (Quercus myrtifolia)
The Myrtle Oak, also known as the Sand Live Oak, is small to a medium-sized evergreen tree that is native to the southeastern United States. It is a member of the beech family and can reach a height of 50 feet with a trunk diameter of 2-3 feet. The Myrtle Oak has dark green leaves that are 4-8 inches long and 2-4 inches wide. The leaves have a myrtle-like scent when crushed. The tree produces small, reddish-brown acorns that are 1-2 inches long and ripen in the fall. The Myrtle Oak is an important food source for many wildlife species, including deer, squirrels, and ducks. The wood of the Myrtle Oak is hard and dense, making it resistant to rot and insect damage. It is often used for furniture, flooring, cabinets, and millwork.
Lombardy Poplar Tree
The Lombardy poplar tree is a fast-growing, deciduous tree that is native to Europe. It was introduced to North America in the early 1800s, and it has been widely planted as a shade tree and windbreak. The Lombardy poplar gets its name from the Italian region of Lombardy, where it is particularly prevalent. The tree grows to a height of 50-70 feet and has a slender, upright form. The leaves are bright green and ovate in shape, with a pointy tip. The Lombardy poplar blooms in the spring, producing small, greenish-white flowers. The tree is relatively short-lived, with a lifespan of 20-30 years. However, it can grow quite large in that time, making it an ideal choice for those looking for rapid growth.
Thuja Green Giant
For gardeners looking for an evergreen privacy hedge that is fast-growing, Thuja Green Giant is an excellent choice. This tree can grow up to three feet per year, reaching a height of 40 feet or more at maturity. Thanks to its dense growth habit, Thuja Green Giant provides an effective screen against wind and noise, making it an ideal choice for property boundaries. In addition, this tree is relatively low-maintenance, requiring only occasional pruning to keep it looking its best. Thuja Green Giant is also tolerant of a wide range of conditions, from full sun to partial shade. With its handsome foliage and stately form, Thuja Green Giant makes a beautiful addition to any landscape.
The bamboo tree is a graceful and elegant plant that is native to Asia but can be found in other parts of the world as well. There are many different species of bamboo, and they vary in height, color, and leaf shape. Bamboo trees are fast-growing and can reach up to 100 feet tall in just a few years. They are also very sturdy and can withstand strong winds and heavy rains. Bamboo trees are most commonly used for construction, as the wood is very strong and durable. However, bamboo can also be used for making furniture, flooring, paper, and other products. In addition to its practical uses, the bamboo tree is also a popular choice for landscaping due to its attractive appearance. Bamboo trees can add beauty and interest to any garden or yard.
All of these trees are native to Florida and are well-suited to the state’s climate and soil. When choosing a fast-growing tree for your landscape, be sure to consider the tree’s ultimate size and shape, as well as its cultural requirements. With proper care, any of these fast-growing trees can provide years of enjoyment for you and your family.